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Physiochemical composition and antioxidant activities of underutilized Mangifera pajang fruit

Ibrahim, Muhammad and Prasad , K. Nagendra and Ismail, Amin and Azlan, Azrina and Abdul Hamid, Azizah (2010) Physiochemical composition and antioxidant activities of underutilized Mangifera pajang fruit. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9 (28). pp. 4392-4397. ISSN 1684–5315

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Abstract

Underutilized plant species are defined by their unexploited economic potential, making them an appropriate focus for commercialization. The physiochemical composition and antioxidant activities of underutilized Mangifera pajang Kosterm fruit pulp and fruit juice powder were studied. The average kernal weight and length of M. pajang fruits was higher compared to Mangifera india. Chemical composition revealed that M. pajang juice powder (MPJP) was high in protein, carbohydrate, ascorbic acid, ash and gross energy whereas M. pajang pulp (MPP) was rich in phenolic and â-carotene content. Additionally, MPJP extract exhibited the highest free radical scavenging activities by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) methods. The antioxidant capacity of MPP and MPJP extracts were significantly correlated with the ascorbic acid and â-carotene but not with phenolic content. The high antioxidant activity with high energy, ascorbic acid, proteins and carbohydrate content suggested that the MPJP can be used as a good source for preparation of health drink.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4998/5753
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mangifera pajang, antioxidant activity, physiochemical properties
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Depositing User: Muhammad Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2011 11:15
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2011 07:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/5753

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