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Comparative study on spoilage and pathogenic bacteria in selected commercial marine and freshwater fishes

Chowdhury, Ahmed Jalal Khan and John, Akbar and M. S., Nurul Lyana and Nordin, Noor Faizul Hadry and Masseren, Noor Isma Yanti and Jaswir, Irwandi and Bulbul, Mahbuba (2017) Comparative study on spoilage and pathogenic bacteria in selected commercial marine and freshwater fishes. International Food Research Journal (IFRJ), 24 (Suppl.). S298-S304. ISSN 1985-4668

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Abstract

Microorganisms are the major cause of spoilage of most seafood products. Fishes are more perishable than other protein foods and thus more prone to bacterial contamination. Based on above perspectives, a bacterial invasion in commercially important fresh and spoiled marine (Lates calcarifer, Lutjanus sanguineus) and freshwater fish (Pangasius pangasius) were analyzed using API 20E kit. Out of 25 isolates obtained from fresh water fish, only 6 isolates were characterized as Gram-positive bacteria and the rest were Gram negative strains (19 isolates). The most dominant genera were Vibrio, Enterobacter, Serratia, and Aeromonas. All these bacteria were found in both fresh fish and spoiled fish sample while Erwinia spp. and Kluyvera spp. were identified only in fresh fish samples. Out of four (4) strains of Staphylococcus spp., S. xylosus was detected exclusively from spoiled fish. The higher number of bacterial micro flora in the spoiled fish gut indirectly indicated increased microbial degradation in the fish gut during spoilage process. Notably, almost all the isolates were lactose degraders, positive oxidizers and carbohydrate fermenters. Vibrio fluvialis, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Brucella sp. and Ochrabactrum anthropi were the human pathogenic bacteria found in marine fish Lates calcarifer (Sea perch). While Vibrio fluvialis, Proteus mirabilis and Proteus vulgaris were detected in Lutjanus sanguineus (Red snapper). The study portrays that the existing postharvest handling techniques could be a vital factor for degrading hygienic conditions of fish in local fish markets. Nevertheless, a long term monitoring is an urgently needed for sustaining the quality flesh of fish towards the betterment of the consumer’s health.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3575/57467
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pathogenic bacteria, Fresh and marine fish, Post-harvest handling, Spoilage bacteria
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling > SH151 Aquaculture - Fish Culture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Marine Science
Depositing User: Dr Irwandi Jaswir
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2018 13:58
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2018 09:58
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/57467

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