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Bio-composting process development by SSF for utilization agro-industrial wastes

Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Ainuddin, Muhammad (2007) Bio-composting process development by SSF for utilization agro-industrial wastes. In: 3rd Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering 2006, 11th-14th December, 2006, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu.

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The wastes derived from oil palm industries are generated every year and becoming a great concern, consequently,an urgent development of bio-composting process has been investigated. Bio-composting is an environmental friendly bioconversion process where its products could be utilized as plant growth enhancement. In Malaysia about 50 million tons of Palm Oil Mill Effluents (POME) and about 40 million tones of Oil Palm Biomass (OPB) in forms of empty fruit bunches (EFB), oil palm trunks (OPT), and oil palm fronds (OPF) are generated from palm oil industries every year, the management practice pose significant environmental problems. This study was concerning about simple composting process using selected substrates, POME and EFB plus wheat floor as a cosubstrate.The strains of P. chrysosporium, T. harzianum, A. niger (A 106, S 101), and Penicillium isolated from POME were used for effective bio-composting process. Tray bioreactor was used to evaluate the efficient composting process through solid state bioconversion. The composting time required to complete the process was two months and some parameters were determined to evaluate the compost quality.In the entire process merely, percentage of OM decreased to about 3% while total nitrogen content initially at 0.744 g/g increased to 2.96 g/g. The C/N ratio and GI achieved were 17 and 95 % respectively. The maturity of the compost could be reflected by C/N ratio, pH and GI measurement. The use of POME and EFB as mixed substrates with the induced microorganisms is a new composting trial where it has been expected to receive a good result in order to overcome a conventional composting process.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4286/5714
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oil palm waste, microorganisms, C/N ratio, SSF, GI.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Md. Zahangir Alam
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2013 17:42
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2018 12:39
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/5714

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