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A narrative review on pathology of amnesia and its relation with cessation (Rukhsah) of performing prayer (Solah)

Ariaff, Muhammad Ammar Adli and Abdul Ghani, Radiah and Che Mohamed, Che Anuar and Ikmal Hisham, Ahmad Irfan (2017) A narrative review on pathology of amnesia and its relation with cessation (Rukhsah) of performing prayer (Solah). In: 8th National Symposium of Biomedical Science 2017, 12th-14th May 2017, Kuantan, Pahang. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Background: The low percentage of in-ward patients that performing solah (prayer) during their stay in hospital shows the worrying trend because of the minimal knowledge of rukhsah (concession) in solah during certain illness. One of the illness that is difficult to determine the rukhsah is memory disturbance such as amnesia. Amnesia is the memory impairment whether the inability to retrieve the past memory (retrograde amnesia) or the inability to learn new information (anterograde amnesia). Thus, the aim of this study is to review the pathology of amnesia based on current literature review and to relate with the rukhsah in solah among amnesia patients. In Islam, the principle of applying the rukhsah kept an open concept for the application in most disabilities and handicaps. Therefore, with the general guidelines of rukhsah on solah for ghairu ‘aqil (insane) patients by JAKIM, so, this study can be complement to that guideline in term to propose some guidelines of rukhsah on solah among the muslim amnesia patients. Methods: The review will be conducted based on narrative review framework that consist of several steps which are identification of the study; search of relevant work or publication; collection, extraction and synthesis of data; and writing the report. The framework analysis will be discussed from various aspects such as the Islamic worldview, Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh), consensus by Islamic Scholars (ijma’), contribution of Islamic Scholars, principles (qawaid) and objective (maqasid) of the syariah, and Islamic civilization and history. These analyses are based on the Holy Quran and Hadith. Results: This study is attempt to provide the preliminary suggestion of the rukhsah of solah among the muslim amnesia patient based on the pathological condition of amnesia. in relation with that, the severity of amnesia can be extent until the patient become unconscious about him/herself. This patient is not obligate to perform the solah because they are considered ghairu ‘aqil (insane). While for certain type of amnesia, the patient identity is still intact and remain conscious about him/herself. As for this condition, the patient is obligate to perform the solah because they are considered ‘aqil (sane). Conclusion: In conclusion, the severity of amnesic syndrome is varies based on their classification and must be reviewed comprehensively. Therefore, the rukhsah of solah among the muslim amnesia patients based on the severity of the amnesia can be decided.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 4458/57092
Uncontrolled Keywords: pathology, amnesia, cessation, Rukhsah, prayer, Solah
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Depositing User: Dr Radiah Abdul Ghani
Date Deposited: 26 May 2017 16:42
Last Modified: 26 May 2017 16:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/57092

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