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Toward financially viable phytoextraction and production of plant- based palladium catalysts

Shamsul Harumain, Zakuan Azizi and Parker, Helen L. and Garcia, Andrea Munoz and Austin, Michael J. and McElroy, Con Robert and Hunt, Andrew J. and Clark, James H. and Meech, John A. and Anderson, Christopher W. N. and Ciacci, Luca and Graedel, T. E and Bruce, Neil C. and Rylott, Elizabeth L. (2017) Toward financially viable phytoextraction and production of plant- based palladium catalysts. Environmental Science & Technology, 51. pp. 2992-3000. ISSN 0013-936X E-ISSN 1520-5851

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Although a promising technique, phytoextraction has yet to see significant commercialization. Major limitations include metal uptake rates and subsequent processing costs. However, it has been shown that liquid-culture-grown Arabidopsis can take up and store palladium as nanoparticles. The processed plant biomass has catalytic activity comparable to that of commercially available catalysts, creating a product of higher value than extracted bulk metal. We demonstrate that the minimum level of palladium in Arabidopsis dried tissues for catalytic activity comparable to commercially available 3% palladium-on-carbon catalysts was achieved from dried plant biomass containing between 12 and 18 g·kg−1 Pd. To advance this technology, species suitable for in-the-field application: mustard, miscanthus, and 16 willow species and cultivars, were tested. These species were able to grow, and take up, palladium from both synthetic and mine-sourced tailings. Although levels of palladium accumulation in field-suitable species are below that required for commercially available 3% palladium-on-carbon catalysts, this study both sets the target, and is a step toward, the development of field-suitable species that concentrate catalytically active levels of palladium. Life cycle assessment on the phytomining approaches described here indicates that the use of plants to accumulate palladium for industrial applications has the potential to decrease the overall environmental impacts associated with extracting palladium using present-day mining processes.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7860/56167
Uncontrolled Keywords: Viable Phytoextraction,Plant-Based Palladium Catalysts
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr Zakuan Azizi Shamsul Harumain
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2017 11:20
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2019 13:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/56167

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