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Religiosity among Muslims: a scale development and validation study

Mohd Mahudin, Nor Diana and Noor, Noraini M. and Dzulkifli, Mariam Adawiah and Janon, Nazariah Shar'ie (2016) Religiosity among Muslims: a scale development and validation study. MAKARA Hubs-Asia (Human Behavior Studies in Asia), 20 (2). pp. 109-121. ISSN 2355-794X

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Abstract

While religiosity as a field of inquiry has been gaining research interest in recent years, a central issue about its conceptualisation, measurement, and relationships with work outcomes remains unresolved. The aims of this paper are: (1) to introduce a new scale designed to measure religiosity among Muslims, based on an Islamic perspective that centres on the bodily action or human activity (islam), the mind or understanding of God (iman), and the spirit or actualisation of virtue and goodness (ihsan); and (2) to demonstrate how religiosity relates to various work outcomes. We followed a rigorous multi-steps scale development procedure using four empirical studies involving 703 participants. The final scale yielded one factor with 10 underlying items. Our results showed that religiosity was positively correlated with job satisfaction, positive work behaviour, workplace integrity, and organisational commitment, but negatively correlated with antagonistic work behaviour. This new scale also showed incremental validity over an existing Muslim attitude scale in predicting organisational commitment and integrity. Overall, this new scale demonstrates good psychometric properties and is a promising tool for the measurement of religiosity among Muslims in organisational settings.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3951/54734
Uncontrolled Keywords: Muslim, Psychometric, Religiosity, Scale Development, Work Outcomes
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF176 Psychological tests and testing
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF636 Applied psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP174 The Practice of Islam > BP175 Psychology of Islam
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP174 The Practice of Islam > BP175 Psychology of Islam
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: Nor Diana Mohd Mahudin
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 03:36
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2017 07:03
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/54734

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