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Psychological antecedents of hajj crowd scales: Content validation

Abdul Rahman, Shukran and Mohd Mahudin, Nor Diana and Shuib, Mohd Arif and Ahmad Hatta, Zulkarnain and Abdul Ghani, Noraida and Sulong, Jasni and Mohd Hashim, Intan Hashimah and Mat Saad, Zarina (2016) Psychological antecedents of hajj crowd scales: Content validation. Jurnal Pembangunan Sosial (Journal of Social Development), 19 (2 (Edisi Khas/Special Issue)). 137 -155. ISSN 1394-6528

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Abstract

This article reports the content validation exercise of items in five newly developed scales that measure the psychological antecedents of crowds during Hajj (i.e., Personality, Crowd Mood, Expected Crowdedness, Perceived Lawlessness, and Hajj Familiarity). This exercise is embarked to assess whether the items in the scales represent the content areas of the construct specified in the five scales; a concept referred to as content validity. The exercise provides evidences to test developers about the extent to which the items could be retained in a scale which is determined by the degree of experts' agreement. Fifteen subject matter experts have been engaged to rate the essentiality of an item in measuring a particular construct. They indicated whether the samples of items have adequately represented a particular dimension of the construct in question, after which the content validity ratio for each item was calculated. The values of content validity ratio provides evidence on the inclusion of an item in the scales, and, in turn, leads to the index for high content validity.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2032/54165
Uncontrolled Keywords: content validation; content validity, content validity ratio, psychological variables, crowd, hajj
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF176 Psychological tests and testing
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF636 Applied psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Psychology
Depositing User: Nor Diana Mohd Mahudin
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2017 16:12
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2017 16:20
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/54165

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