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Development of a buoyancy control device for autonomous underwater vehicle

Syafie, Lia Safiyah and Zainal Abidin, Zulkifli and Alang Rashid, Nahrul Khair (2016) Development of a buoyancy control device for autonomous underwater vehicle. In: 2016 IEEE 6th International Conference on Underwater System Technology: Theory and Applications (IEEE USYS 2016), 13th-14th December 2016, USM Pulau Pinang.

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Abstract

The development of Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) or known as unmanned underwater vehicle increase exponentially in these recent years. This is due to the increase of demand in many applications such as prospecting on the seafloor and other underwater tasks without human interference and supervision. This vehicle can be used to perform underwater missions such as surveys, monitoring, image capturing and other applications. In achieving given tasks, AUVs must capable to control its depth level. Thus, a buoyancy control device (BCD) is developed to assist AUV in controlling its depth level. This paper is focusing in developing a volume based BCD. A pair of rubber bellow is simulated as the main hardware to vary the volume of BCD while keeping a constant mass. To execute this method, an input (depth level) is required from user through a Graphical User Interface (GUI) provided. Water level transducer is used to measure the current level of the BCD and compare with the user input. By this comparison, BCD will compensate with water density, in order to achieve positive, negative or neutral buoyancy based on the desired input value. This system is a close loop system with a Proportional Integral Derivatives (PID) controller integrated for the controller. PID controller will continuously calculates the error value as the difference between the desired (user input) and the actual value measured. PID controller is designed to reduce the oscillation occurred in the system during autonomous adjustments with a suitable gain values. This paper proved that by controlling the volume of the bladder, depth level of BCD also can be controlled accordingly with 47% maximum and 2% minimum error occurred.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 4516/53946
Uncontrolled Keywords: depth control; rubber bellow; volume change
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics. Computer engineering. Computer hardware. Photoelectronic devices
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechatronics Engineering
Depositing User: ZULKIFLI ZAINAL ABIDIN
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2017 08:42
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2017 12:55
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/53946

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