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The effect of flow rate at different pressures and temperatures on cocoa butter extracted from cocoa nib using supercritical carbon dioxide

Edi Kusnadi, Asep and Selamat, Jinap and Abdul Rahman, Russly and Akanda, Md Jahurul Haque and Ghafoor, Kashif and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam (2016) The effect of flow rate at different pressures and temperatures on cocoa butter extracted from cocoa nib using supercritical carbon dioxide. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 53 (5). pp. 2287-2297. ISSN 0022-1155

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Abstract

The effects of flow rate, different pressures and temperatures on cocoa butter extracted from cocoa nib using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) were investigated. The yield was analyzed for total fat content, triacylglycerol (TG) profile, and fatty acid (FA) profile. Extractions were carried out at pressures of 20 and 35 MPa, temperatures of 50 and 60 °C, and CO2 flow rates of 0.5, 1, 2, 4 mL min−1. The result shows that the yield of cocoa butter extract increased with increasing pressure, temperature, and flow rate and the optimum conditions for the maximum cocoa butter extraction were 35 MPa, 60 °C and 2 mL min−1, repectively. TGs and FAs were found to be similar in composition to those of cocoa butter obtained by conventional methods. The lower molecular weight TGs and FAs showed higher selectivity compared to higher molecular weight TGs and FAs.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/53862
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cocoa butter, flow rate, pressure, scCO2 extraction, selectivity, temperatu
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2017 01:34
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2017 02:06
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/53862

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