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A review on dual-functions of ionic liquid in biodiesel production

Mohamed Sharikh, Atikah and Sulaiman, Sarina and Azmi , Azlin Suhaida (2016) A review on dual-functions of ionic liquid in biodiesel production. In: 4th International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2016 (ICBioE 2016), 25th-27th July 2016, Kuala Lumpur.

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Scarcity of petroleum and constant concern over environmental problems caused by diesel fuels has promoted production of biodiesel from renewable sources. Biodiesel synthesized from transesterification methods in the presence of catalyst or enzyme requires huge amount of solvent, particularly from alcohol to affirm high production yield. Inevitably, the process results in bulky waste that demands appropriate attention. In attempt to tackle the problem, ionic liquid has been identified to be the most potential substitute for conventional catalyst and solvent required in the biodiesel conversion. Ionic liquid that is widely known as ‘green chemical’ can be synthesized to meet reaction requirement by careful selection of anion and cations, with correct proportion of each to produce desired mixture. This paper reviews recent applications of ionic liquid in biodiesel production as catalyst, solvent and co-solvent. Since there are few ways in which ionic liquid can be categorized, this paper highlights classification of ionic liquids into two major groups; namely acidic and basic ionic liquid. Discussion on these two groups covers their dual-functions in biodiesel production which are as solvent or co-solvent and catalyst in the biodiesel production.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Invited Papers)
Additional Information: 6797/51697
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel; catalyst; solvent; ionic liquid
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315 Fuel
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Sarina Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2016 10:52
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 16:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/51697

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