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Modification and characterization of phytases for animal feed production

Noorbatcha, Ibrahim Ali and Samsudin, Nurhusna and Mohd. Salleh, Hamzah (2009) Modification and characterization of phytases for animal feed production. Abstracts of 3rd International Conference on Chemical & Bioprocesses Engineering, 12-14th August 2009, University Malaysia Sabah. p. 34.

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Abstract

Phytases catalyze the hydrolysis of inorganic phosphate from phytic acid and improve the nutritional quality of phytate rich diet. Monogastric animal such as poultry and fish do not have the ability to completely hydrolyze phytate. As a result, beneficial nutrient necessary for growth becomes unavailable and its elimination through excretions leads to land pollution, eutrophication of ground water and aquatic environment. Besides, it leads to the negative effect on vitamin utilization that lead to the emaciation, retarded growth and reproductive failure in animals. In view of these adverse effects phytases are added in animal feeds. Phytases from microbial sources are commonly used for their commercial exploitations. Waste water bacterium phytase is the subject of interest in this project. In the present study in-silico experiments are used to identify and examine active site of phytase.The factors influencing the ligand binding strength in the active site is analyzed and computational site directed mutagenesis experiments have been carried out to evaluate the effects of mutations on the binding strength. Compare to native enzyme, structural prediction suggest that single mutations at position M216R and E219R add hydrogen bonds surrounding the active site, which increases in the binding of the phytate substrate eventually leading to better degradation. Detailed results from out single and multiple mutation studies provide new direction towards design and development of new phytases with enhanced functional properties.

Item Type: Article (other)
Additional Information: 3704/502
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phytase, In silico, Site directed mutagenesis and Ligand binding
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Ibrahim Ali Noorbatcha
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2011 13:11
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2013 15:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/502

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