IIUM Repository

Electrostatic biosorption of COD, Mn and H2S on EFB-based activated carbon produced through steam pyrolysis: an analysis based on surface chemistry, equilibria and kinetics

Amosa, Mutiu K. and Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Al-Khatib, Ma An Fahmi Rashid (2016) Electrostatic biosorption of COD, Mn and H2S on EFB-based activated carbon produced through steam pyrolysis: an analysis based on surface chemistry, equilibria and kinetics. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 7 (1). pp. 109-124. ISSN 1877-2641

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (SCOPUS) - Updated Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (518kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (WOS) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (158kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Biosorption of chemical oxygen demand (COD), manganese (Mn) and hydrogen sulphide (H2S) onto an empty fruit bunch (EFB)–based powdered activated carbon (PAC) from a multicomponent system—biotreated palm oil mill effluent (BPOME)—were studied in a batch adsorption process. The experimental results were fitted to four isotherm models, and four kinetic models. Amongst the isotherm models (Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and DubininRadushkevich) employed, Langmuir model showed the best conformity to the equilibrium data with R2 values of 1.00 for COD and 0.9999 for both Mn and H2S. The Dubinin–Radushkevich model followed the conformity trend with R2 values of 0.9984, 0.9948 and 0.9824 for COD, H2S, and Mn, respectively. Also, amongst the kinetic models (Pseudo-first order, Lagergren’s pseudo-second order, Elovich and Weber– Morris intra-particle diffusion) employed, only the pseudosecond order model could best describe the adsorption behaviours of all the three contaminants withR 2 values of 1.00 in all cases. The mechanistic uptake pathway was further examined by means of the Fourier transform infrared in studying the surface chemistry of the PAC. It was observed that the presence of functional groups like the aldehydes andketones, carbonyl, mono-alkyl, amines, amongst others led to physicochemical interactions between PAC surface and the contaminants. Overall, the equilibrium, kinetics and surface chemistry analyses pointed towards the adsorption processes been largely driven by electrostatic sorption. Additionally, the EFB-based PAC was capable of reducing COD, Mn and H2S from POME, hence, could be utilized in developing a unit operation for integration into the current POME treatment. Graphical Abstract Percent uptake versus adsorption time plot for COD, Mn and H2S removal from biotreated POME.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5545/49318
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrostatic biosorption, Physicochemical interactions, POME, Adsorption Kinetics, Equilibrium isotherms
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Associate Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2016 15:11
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2017 15:18
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/49318

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year