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Relationship between retinal blood flow and arterial oxygen

Cheng, Richard W and Yusof, Firdaus and Tsui, Edmund and Jong, Monica and Duffin , James and Flanagan, John G and Fisher, Joseph A and Hudson, Christopher (2016) Relationship between retinal blood flow and arterial oxygen. The Journal of Physiology , 594 (3). pp. 625-640. ISSN 0022-3751 E-ISSN 1469-7793

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Retinal blood flow (RBF) increases in response to a reduction in oxygen (hypoxia), but decreases in response to increased oxygen (hyperoxia). However, the relationship between blood flow and the arterial partial pressure of oxygen has not been quantified and modeled in the retina in particular the vascular reserve and resting tonus of the vessels. The objective of this study was to determine the limitations of the retinal vasculature by modeling the relationship between RBF and oxygen. Retinal vascular responses were measured in 13 subjects for 8 different blood gas conditions, with the end-tidal partial pressure of oxygen (PET O2 ) ranging from 40-500 mmHg. Retinal vascular response measurements were repeated twice; using the Canon Laser Blood Flowmeter (CLBF) during the first visit, and using Doppler Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (Doppler SD-OCT, RTVue) during the second visit. We determined that the relationship between RBF and PaO2 can be modeled as a combination of hyperbolic and linear functions. We concluded that RBF compensated for decreases in arterial oxygen content for all stages of hypoxia used in this study, but can no longer compensate below a PET O2 of 32-37 mmHg. These vessels have a great vascular range of adjustment, increasing diameter (8.5% arteriolar and 21% total venous area) with hypoxia (40 mmHg PET O2 ; p<0.001) and decreasing diameter (6.9% arteriolar and 23% total venous area) with hyperoxia (500 mmHg PET O2 ; p<0.001) to the same extent; indicating that the resting tonus is near the midpoint of the adjustment ranges at resting PaO2 where sensitivity is maximum.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2286/47493
Uncontrolled Keywords: retina blood flow, arterial oxygen
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Optometry and Visual Science
Depositing User: Dr Firdaus Yusof
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2016 21:07
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2016 15:58
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/47493

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