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Synthesis of TiO2 nanosized powder photocatalyst via sol-gel method for bacteria inactivation application

Mohd Daud, Farah Diana and Iis, Sopyan and Mel, Maizirwan (2011) Synthesis of TiO2 nanosized powder photocatalyst via sol-gel method for bacteria inactivation application. Malaysian Journal of Microscopy, 7. pp. 161-169. ISSN 1823-7010

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Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is the most widely used photocatalyst and has been applied for water and air purification and disinfection of microorganism. Anatase structured TiO2 is a wide bandgap (3.2 eV) semiconductor which, under UV light, is able to degrade chemicals and cell components of microorganisms. In this study, TiO2 nanopowder photocatalyst was synthesized by sol-gel process using a titanium chelate compound, titanium (di-isopropoxide) bis(acetylacetonate) (PTP) as the precursor. The precursor was hydrolyzed under an acidic catalyst condition, followed by reflux for 15 minutes and 1 hour. The precipitate powder obtained after filtration was calcined at 400°C. XRD analysis confirmed that the TiO2 powders A (15 minutes reflux) and B (1 hour reflux) have strongest peak at 25° which indicates anatase crystal structure. The particle size of powder A was smaller than the powder B as proved by calculation using Scherrer's equation. The crystallization temperature of TiO2 powder A was higher due to its smaller particles that needed more heat to crystallize than powder B as confirmed by TG/DTA. FESEM analysis showed powder A have homogenous spherical shape, contrast to powder B showing inhomogenous spherical shape and connected particle. The TiO2 photocatalyst activity in killing bacteria was investigated for 5 hours by varying the concentration of TiO2 and UV light intensity.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7338/46419
Uncontrolled Keywords: TiO2,photocatalyst,sol-gel,nano-powder,bacteria killing
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA164 Bioengineering
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2016 11:55
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2016 15:36
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/46419

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