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Potentiality of selected seaweed for the production of nutritious fish feed using solid state fermentation

Ilias, N. Najihah and Jamal, Parveen and Jaswir, Irwandi and Sulaiman, Sarina and Zainudin, Zaki and Azmi, Azlin Suhaida (2015) Potentiality of selected seaweed for the production of nutritious fish feed using solid state fermentation. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 3 (1). pp. 30-40. ISSN 1823-4690

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Abstract

The rising cost of imported fish feed ingredients have called for an intensive research towards the production of high nutritional fish feed using cheap and natural nutrient sources. In this study, seaweed and palm kernel cake were used as alternative protein ingredients in fish feed and the enrichment of its nutritional value was achieved by using solid state fermentation. Following the fermentation process, the nutrient compositions of the three types of seaweeds: Caulerpa lentillifera (Chlorophyta), Eucheuma cottonii (Rhodophyta) and Sargassum fulvellum (Phaeophyta) were compared. Solid state fermentation was conducted using fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium) and yeast (Candida utilis) to improve the bioprotein production. The comparison between the nutrient compositions before and after the fermentation showed that fermentation process can increase the nutrient value of the bioprotein. Results of the analysis showed that Sargassum fulvellumis the best type of seaweed with the highest total protein, 52.28 mg/g, high percentage improvement of ash after fermentation, 61.31% and contains high amount of carbohydrate, 445.89 mg/g which are very important in fish diet. Hence, Sargassum fulvellum can be used as an alternative protein ingredient in the fish feed since it was rich in nutritional compounds compared to the other types of seaweed tested.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2937/45525
Uncontrolled Keywords: Seaweed, Solid state fermentation, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Candida utilis, Fish feed.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Prof.Dr. Parveen Jamal
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2015 08:16
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2017 09:27
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/45525

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