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Comparative study of the chemical kinetics of two catalysts used for esterification of sludge palm oil

Hayyan, Adeeb and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Mohd Hakimi, Noor Irma Nazashida and Mohd Siran, Yosri and Tahiruddin, Shawaluddin (2011) Comparative study of the chemical kinetics of two catalysts used for esterification of sludge palm oil. In: 2nd International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2011), 17-19 May 2011, The Legend Hotel, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Chemical kinetics study was carried out for batch esterification process. Reactant concentration (FFA) as function of time was plotted according to first and second order equations in order to study the catalytic activities of both toluene-4-sulfonic monohydrate acid (PTSA) and sulfuric acid. Pretreatment of Sludge Palm Oil (SPO) by esterification reaction was found to be a second order reaction. Sulfuric acid showed higher catalytic activity than PTSA. The rate constant K of using PTSA was 0.9 * 10-3 min-1 while K of using sulfuric acid was 2* 10-3 min-1.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 4971/4529
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemical kinetics, esterification, Sludge Palm Oil
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP670 Oils, fats, waxes
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Assoc Prof Elwathig Mirghani
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2011 11:04
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2012 07:48
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/4529

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