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Effect of flow path structure on solid/liquid separation under electric field

Tanaka, Takanori and Kato, Hiroki and Fujihara, Kenji and Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Iwata, Masashi (2015) Effect of flow path structure on solid/liquid separation under electric field. Separation and Purification Technology, 156 (pt.1). pp. 84-91. ISSN 1383-5866

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Abstract

Electroosmosis is especially effective in removing liquid from a highly compressible difficult-to-filter solid/liquid mixture. The extent of solid/liquid separation depends on the electroosmotic pressure gradient (Epg) which is a combination of applied electric field, the surface charge density of solid particles and the flow path structure in the mixture. The larger the Epg value, the higher the solid content of the treated mixture. A theoretical equation of Epg for a capillary flow is derived from the Navier–Stokes equation, and its extensions to a flow through porous materials are examined by using experimental Epg values from constant-current electroosmotic dewatering (EOD), electroosmotic permeation (EOP) and electro-forced sedimentation (EFS) tests. It has been clarified that the specific hydrodynamic resistance α has the most effect on the Epg value. The larger the α value of the material, the larger its Epg value. Modifications to the existing theories were suggested to understand the effect of solid/liquid mixture concentration on the separation under electric field more precisely.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5545/44460
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electroosmosis, Colloid, Dewatering, Sedimentation, Permeation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Associate Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2015 13:54
Last Modified: 12 May 2016 09:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/44460

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