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Efficient lead sorption from wastewater by carbon nanofibers

Ahmed, Yehya M. and Al-Mamun, Abdullah and Al-Khatib, Ma'an Fahmi Rashid and Jameel, Ahmed Tariq and AlSaadi, Mohammed Abdul Hakeem Abdul Rahman (2015) Efficient lead sorption from wastewater by carbon nanofibers. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 13 (3). pp. 341-346. ISSN 1610-3653

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Wastewater from many industries contains toxic metal ions, which should be removed before water is released into the environment. Many adsorbents have been developed to remove metals, but their efficiency should be improved by, e.g., increasing surface area. Here, we tested the use of carbon nanofibers synthesized on the surface of activated carbon, to remove lead ions (Pb2?). We studied the effect of carbon nanofiber dose, pH, contact time and agitation speed on the sorption capacity. The best conditions were with nanofiber dose of 0.25 g/L, pH of 5.5, contact time of 60 min and agitation speed of 200 rpm. The nanocomposite product was also used for the removal of lead from industrial wastewater. We also found a successful removal of 67 % of lead ions from semiconductor wastewater sample.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5174/44402
Uncontrolled Keywords: Powdered activated carbon Carbon nanofibers Optimization Sorption capacity Semiconductor industrial wastewater In
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Abdullah Al Mamun
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2015 15:35
Last Modified: 02 May 2024 15:48
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/44402

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