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Phytoremediation model system for aquaculture wastewater using glossostigma elatinoides and hemianthus callitrichoides

Othman, Rashidi and Mohd Hatta, Farah Ayuni and Ramya, Razanah and Hanifah, Nurul Azlen (2015) Phytoremediation model system for aquaculture wastewater using glossostigma elatinoides and hemianthus callitrichoides. International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research, 4 (1). pp. 1-7. ISSN 2306-6253 (O) 2312-5764 (P)

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Abstract

The aquaculture industry has made a great contribution towards economic development of Malaysia. However, the large volume of water consumption and the wastewater discharged into the water source caused a significant environmental problem that must be controlled properly. For instance, aquaculture waste may decrease dissolved oxygen level and load high nutrient and inorganic contaminants which subsequently would cause water deterioration. Thus, to ensure the effectiveness of aquaculture practices, the suitable wastewater management approach should be acquainted. Phytoremediation, which are the application of plant-based technologies, are beginning to be accepted to examine the problems and provide sustainable solutions for this issue. Therefore, this research aims to explore ecological approach by developing phytoremediation model system in order to remediate inorganic pollutants produced by aquaculture pond. In this paper, the efficiency of potential aquatic plants which are Glossostigma elatinoides and Hemianthus callitrichoides to sequester cadmium and copper were investigated. To achieve this, phytoremediation model system was developed using two selected species for three different concentrations of cadmium (Cd) and copper (Cu). This model system was run over three different periods of time, which are week 1, week 2, and week 3. The findings of this research suggested that the capability to sequester different concentration of heavy metals for certain periods of time were varied between different species. The results indicated that Glossostigma elatinoides was a good phytoremediator for Cd whereas Hemianthus callitrichoides was a good phytoremediator for Cu. The expected outcome of this research is to introduce cost- effective and eco-friendly technology to cater environmental pollution. Hence, having the thorough study on the effectiveness of this technology might contribute towards sustainable aquaculture practices in terms of ecological, economical, and social benefits.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3842/43447
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aquaculture, Phytoremediation, Cd, Cu, Glossostigma elatinoides, Hemianthus callitrichoides.
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD169 Environmental protection
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD172 Environmental pollution
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Landscape Architecture
Depositing User: Dr rashidi othman
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2015 08:25
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2017 09:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/43477

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