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Effect of bio-degradation on the physical properties of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (Pome) using mixed culture of fungi

Alade, Abbas O. and Jameel, Ahmed Tariq and Muyibi, Suleyman Aremu and Abdul Karim, Mohamed Ismail and Alam, Md Zahangir (2014) Effect of bio-degradation on the physical properties of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (Pome) using mixed culture of fungi. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 8 (Sp. E1). pp. 885-890. ISSN 0973-7510

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This study investigated the effects of biodegradation by the mixed culture of fungi(Pithomyces sacchari and Pestalotiopsis maculans) on selected physical properties of palm oil mill efluent(POME). Mixed culture innoculum(4% v/v) was added to autoclaved and raw POME samples, which were subjected to biodegradation at 120 rpm and 35 degree Celsius ofr six days. The pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolve solids and biosolids of the digested samples were quantified at 24 h intervals. These parameters for the auoclaved sample, at the end of the digestion period, were 6.88, 4.38mS/cm, 2.28g/L, respectively. The kinetics studies of the degradation of Pome, based on the concentration of the biosolids were also investigated. The kinetic studies show that the degradation of the raw POME sample best fits the zero order kinetic model(R^2=0.96) while the degradation of the autoclaved POME samples best fits the first order kinetic model(R^2=0.83). However, the digested POME may require Further treatment in order to meet standard suitable for discharge into the water body.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5642/43210
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodegradation, Mixed culture, Zero order, First order, Pithomycessacchari, Pestalotiopsismaculans.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Ahmad Tariq Jameel
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2015 11:55
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 15:13
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/43210

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