IIUM Repository

Filtration behaviors in microfiltration with cyclic backwashing of sewage secondary effluent under constant rate and constant pressure conditions

Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Ohn, Than and Iritani, Eiji (2004) Filtration behaviors in microfiltration with cyclic backwashing of sewage secondary effluent under constant rate and constant pressure conditions. Kagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu, 30 (5). pp. 561-567. ISSN 0386-216X

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (555kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

The performance of microfiltration with cyclic backwashing of secondary effluent emanating from a sewage treatment plant was assessed for the purpose of recycling of water. Microfiltration experiments were conducted under constant rate and constant pressure conditions, and filtration behavior in the two operations was compared. The filtrate obtained was found to be free from E. coli, and hence it can be reused as reclaimed water for urban reuse. As filtration proceeded, cake formation and pore blocking of the membrane occurred, causing an increase in pressure in constant rate filtration or flux decline in constant pressure filtration. Although backwashing was effective in decreasing cake resistance, the irreversible pore blocking of the membrane became gradually more severe with the increase in the number of backwashings. Characteristics of cake formation were analyzed using the compressible cake filtration model, and the pore blocking was found to be well described by a two-phase intermediate blocking law. As a result, the filtration behavior in constant pressure filtration with cyclic backwashing was expressed well by using models that represent cake formation and pore blocking, on the basis of the experimental data of constant rate filtration with cyclic backwashing. Moreover, it was shown from the experimental and predicted results that constant pressure filtration with cyclic backwashing assures almost constant throughput rate.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5545/42355
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microfiltration, Sewage Secondary Effluent, Backwashing, Constant Pressure Filtration, Constant Rate Filtration
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Associate Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2015 11:54
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2015 11:55
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/42355

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year