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Eutrophication state monitoring for unhealthy aquatic ecosystem via free-floating macrophytes pattern and behavioral

Othman, Rashidi and Mat Ali, Qurratu Aini and Wan Muhamad, Wan Naimatul Asiah and Yaman, Maheran and Baharuddin, Zainul Mukrim (2014) Eutrophication state monitoring for unhealthy aquatic ecosystem via free-floating macrophytes pattern and behavioral. International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research, 3 (3). pp. 171-177. ISSN 2306-6253 (O) 2312-5764 (P)

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Abstract

Nutrient enrichment or eutrophication is a process of increasing plant nutrients in water bodies, frequently due to run-off from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life. Eutrophication process is assisted by internal and external sources of nutrients such as nitrogen fixation and phosphate. In freshwater ecosystem, anthropogenic source of nutrients such as detergents, fertilizers and organic debris are among the sources of excess nutrients for nitrogen and phosphorus. It also has been proved to be a major factor which contributes to eutrophication and consequent algal blooms, spreading of certain aquatic macrophytes, depletion of oxygen and loss of key species leading to degradation of many freshwater ecosystems. This study aimed to discover the abilities of free-floating aquatic macrophyte species as an phytoindicator for eutrophication either at contamination or pollution level in polluted aquatic ecosystem to support their upcoming development and prospective through landscape ecology approach. The effects of nutrients (ammonium, phosphate, nitrate and nitrite), the free-floating aquatic macrophytes and locations have been studied on eutrophication in aquatic freshwater ecosystem. All species ( Eichhornia crassipes, Lemna minor, Neptunia oleracea, Spirodella polyrhiza, Salviniamolesta and Pistia stratiotes) were detected with high level of phosphate at level III at all localities (Pahang, Selangor and Kelantan). Ammonium concentration was varied from class I to class III. In conclusion, changing in E.crassipes, L.minorand S.polyrhiza pattern and behavioral are proven to be the best phytoindicator for eutrophication state monitoring.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3842/40762
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eutrophication, Phytoindicator, Free-floating macrophytes, Aquatic ecosystem, Freshwater ecosystem, Algal blooms.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Landscape Architecture
Depositing User: Dr rashidi othman
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2015 08:39
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2015 05:51
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/40762

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