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Political efficacy among Malaysian voters: the role of traditional and new media

Syed Abdullah Idid, Syed Arabi and Ahmed Dhaha, Ismail Sheikh Yusuf and Souket, Rizwanah (2014) Political efficacy among Malaysian voters: the role of traditional and new media. In: 2nd Annual Conference of the Asian Network of Public Opinion Research (ANPOR), 29th Nov.– 1st. Dec. 2014, Toki Messe, Niigata, Japan.

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Abstract

The technological advancement and political situations have dramatically impacted the way traditional and new media have played their role in society, especially in the political development of the country. The news on current affairs, politics and other social and economic aspects is made available to audience from many different media sources. Since scholars studied media, news media credibility has been a major concern to understand audience perceptions and attitudes towards the media and its role in politics. But little investigation has been conducted on news credibility as perceived by audience members. It is argued that trust in the media leads to trust in the political system and media would do well to instill confidence in the political efficacy among voters.. Scholars argue that media create agreement or disagreement among the audiences towards the political system. This study investigated media credibility among Malaysian voters by examining specifically the extent the voters trusted the traditional and new media. This study also examined how traditional and new media use and trust in the media explained the perceived political efficacy among the voters. Data were collected by administering the questionnaire on voters nationwide to understand their appreciation of media credibility and its contribution toward the political efficacy. The 2030 respondents were selected through quota-sampling from two parliamentary constituencies in each state. The data, collected in July 2012, were analyzed using SPSS version 17 for both descriptive and inferential statistics to answer the research objectives and test its hypotheses. The study found that voters perceived the media as credible, with highest trust seen among television users, followed by users of newspapers and radio. Internet was found to be the least credible. The results of hierarchical regression suggested that traditional and new media use (first block) explained 4%, 2%, & 2% of variance in internal political efficacy, external political efficacy, and voter efficacy respectively. The second block of trust variables (personal trust in media, media system trust, and trust in political reporting) explained 15%, 17% & 17% of variance in political efficacy dimensions respectively. In the analysis, internet use was significantly correlated with voter efficacy. Voters are still depending on traditional media rather than on the new media for political efficacy. Implications and recommendations are further discussed.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information: 3279/40175
Uncontrolled Keywords: Political efficacy, Malaysian voters
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H61 Theory. Method
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H61.8 Communication of information
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Communication
Depositing User: Prof Syed Arabi Idid
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 15:00
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2018 12:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/40175

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