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An analysis on common syntactical errors in an Arabic speech discourse: a case study in International Islamic University Malaysia

Yani, Achmad and Suliman Ahmed, Ibrahim and Sahrir, Muhammad Sabri and Muritala, Yahya Toyin and Kama, Nonglaksana (2014) An analysis on common syntactical errors in an Arabic speech discourse: a case study in International Islamic University Malaysia. US-China Education Review B, 4 (10). pp. 740-748. ISSN 2161-6248

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to investigate the causes of errors which hinder the development of the students of Arabic for the international communication undergraduate programme while applying the syntactical rules of Arabic language during their practical persuasive speech course. The respondents were purposively selected from 23 students who were taking this practical course in an academic semester in their first year of study. The data were collected from students’ presentation and the analysis of the speech discourse was conducted during the second semester of the academic year 2013-2014. The students were requested to present a group presentation on a certain topic by creating a video project via Youtube®, which consists of their speech practical discourse. The findings revealed that the major errors occurred in the application of inflectional parsing during the speech for persuasion among the first year students. In general, the data from the mean analysis revealed that the major errors occurred in the application of inflectional parsing during the speech for persuasion among the students. Based on the syntactical analysis from observation, the researchers found that the most frequent errors were inflectional parsing (22.07%), followed by the least mistake, which was the omission of “Fa” after the word “Ammaa” (1.5%). Other mistakes were found in using the gender of Arabic words (20.7%); singular, dual, or plural forms (19.4%); particles (13.5%); definite article “Al” (12.9%); relative nouns (5.1%); and the use of “an” of gerund after imperfect verb (2.5%). In general, this paper has contributed to a list of syntactical topics that need to be emphasized by teachers in a speech and persuasion course in order to produce quality students for Arabic communication after graduation and to fulfil the needs of market workplace based on descriptive findings and a checklist of observation in persuasive speech.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3267/39009
Uncontrolled Keywords: speech and persuasion, Arabic syntax, Arabic language learning, language for communication, error analysis
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PJ Semitic > PJ6001 Arabic > PJ6073 Language
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Languages and Management
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Sabri Sahrir
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2014 08:52
Last Modified: 24 May 2018 15:51
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/39009

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