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Phytosterols and their extraction from various plant matrices using supercritical carbon dioxide: a review

Uddin, Md. Salim and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and Ferdosh, Sahena and Haque Akanda, Md. Jahurul Haque and Easmin, Mst. Sabina and Shamsudin, Siti Hadijah and Yunus, Kamaruzzaman (2015) Phytosterols and their extraction from various plant matrices using supercritical carbon dioxide: a review. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 95 (7). pp. 1385-1394. ISSN 0022-5142

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Abstract

Phytosterols provide important health benefits: in particular, the lowering of cholesterol. From environmental and commercial points of view, the most appropriate technique has been searched for extracting phytosterols from plant matrices. As a green technology, supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) using carbon dioxide (CO2) is widely used to extract bioactive compounds from different plant matrices. Several studies have been performed to extract phytosterols using supercritical CO2 (SC-CO2) and this technology has clearly offered potential advantages over conventional extraction methods. However, the efficiency of SFE technology fully relies on the processing parameters, chemistry of interest compounds, nature of the plant matrices and expertise of handling. This review covers SFE technology with particular reference to phytosterol extraction using SC-CO2. Moreover, the chemistry of phytosterols, properties of supercritical fluids (SFs) and the applied experimental designs have been discussed for better understanding of phytosterol solubility in SC-CO2. (c) 2014 Society of Chemical Industry

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/38954
Uncontrolled Keywords: mildly hypercholesterolemic subjects; ldl-cholesterol concentrations; edible vegetable-oils; breast-cancer cells; rice bran oil; fluid extraction; plant sterols; bioactive compounds; beta-sitosterol; seed oil
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Marine Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Plant Science
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2014 18:03
Last Modified: 31 May 2016 10:12
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/38954

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