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Relative motion guidance, navigation and control for autonomous spacecraft rendezvous

Okasha, Mohamed Elsayed Aly Abd Elaziz and Newman, Brett (2011) Relative motion guidance, navigation and control for autonomous spacecraft rendezvous. In: Proceedings of the 21st AAS/AIAA Space Flight Mechanics Meeting, 13-17 February 2011, New Orleans, Louisiana.

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In this paper, the development of guidance, navigation, and control algorithms of an autonomous space rendezvous and docking system are presented. These algorithms are based on using the analytical closed-form solution of the Tschauner-Hempel equations that is completely explicit in time. The navigation system uses an extended Kalman filter based on Tschauner-Hempel equations to estimate the relative position and velocity of the chaser vehicle with respect to the target vehicle. This filter uses the range and angle measurements of the target relative to the chaser from a simulated LIDAR system. The corresponding measurement models, process noise matrix and other filter parameters are provided. The guidance and control algorithms are based on the glideslope used in the past for rendezvous and proximity operations of the Space Shuttle with other vehicles. These algorithms are used to approach, flyaround, and to depart form a target vehicle in elliptic orbits. The algorithms are general and able to transfer the chaser vehicle in any direction, decelerate while approaching the target vehicle, and accelerate when moving away. Numerical nonlinear simulations that illustrate the relative navigation, guidance, and control algorithms performance and accuracy are evaluated in the current paper.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 6908/38709
Uncontrolled Keywords: motion guidance, navigation, autonomous spacecraft rendezvous
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA329 Engineering mathematics. Engineering analysis
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA349 Mechanics of engineering. Applied mechanics
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ212 Control engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Mohamed Okasha
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2014 16:02
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2014 16:02
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/38709

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