IIUM Repository

Pretreatment and hydrolysis processes on synechococcus Pcc 7002 cells for glucose production

Saleh, Noraini and Azmi, Azlin Suhaida and Amid, Azura and Halmi Shari, Ummi Syuhada (2014) Pretreatment and hydrolysis processes on synechococcus Pcc 7002 cells for glucose production. Advances in Environmental Biology, 8 (3). pp. 712-716. ISSN 1995-0756 E-ISSN 1998-1066

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (117kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (SCOPUS) - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (78kB) | Request a copy


Microalgae are potential alternative source for ren ewable energy such as bioethanol. To produce bioethanol pretreatment methods such as son ication and acid hydrolysis for carbohydrate production are required. Pretreatment is important to release the carbohydrate from the microalgae cell wall as well as to increase the production. These processes were applied to Synechococcus PCC 7002, a type of cyanobacteria species. The aim of this project was to release the glucose from cyanobacteria cells prior to bioethanol production. Three parameters were studie d which were sonication time (15, 30 and 45 minutes), sulphuric acid concentration (1 %, 3%, 5% and 7% v/v) and hydrolysis time (15 and 30 minutes). The response s tudied was carbohydrate yield. The result showed that, most of the samples with 15 min utes of sonication gave higher carbohydrate content compared to 30 and 45 minutes. In contrast to that, highest concentration of sulphuric acid at 7% and longer hydrolysis duration at 30 minutes hydrolysis gave higher yield of carbohydrate. It was concluded that neither glucose nor sucrose yields from sonicated and hydrolyzed biomass. This could be due to insufficient of heat to break the glycosidic linkage between the oligosaccharide.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5339/37668
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acid hydrolysis, oligosaccharide, pretreatment, sonication, Synechococcus PCC 7002
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Azlin Suhaida Azmi
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2014 16:39
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2017 14:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/37668

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year