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Optimizing the parameters in durian skin fiber reinforcedpolypropylene composites by response surface methodology

Anuar, Hazleen and Aimi, N. Nur and Manshor, M.R. and Wan Nazri, W.B. and Mohd Salit, Sapuan (2014) Optimizing the parameters in durian skin fiber reinforcedpolypropylene composites by response surface methodology. Industrial Crops and Products, 54. pp. 291-295. ISSN 0926-6690

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tAwareness on the advantages of natural fibers stimulates the interest of researchers to use them asreinforcement in polymer composites for robust application. Therefore, investigation on optimizing theimpact property of durian skin fiber (DSF) reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites was carried outto determine the effect of DSF content, fiber size and maleic anhydride polypropylene (MAPP) content.Response surface methodology (RSM) was used in the design of experiments and in the analysis of results.The optimized value for the maximum impact strength of PP–DSF composite was found at 50 wt% DSFcontent and fiber size range of 250–500 �m with 0 wt% MAPP. The maximum impact property for PP–DSFcomposite was 10.66 kJ/m2. From the analysis of variance (ANOVA), fiber content significantly affects thestrength of PP–DSF composites, followed by the fiber size and MAPP content. The P-value of the modelof experiment is less than 0.05 and the determination coefficient (R2) is nearly 1 which suggested thatthe model is significant and implies on the precision and processability in the production.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4130/35935
Uncontrolled Keywords: Durian skin fiber; Impact property; Optimization; Response surface methodology (RSM)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hazleen Anuar
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2014 12:29
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2018 12:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/35935

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