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Reforming Sufism in Malaya: The teachings of Tuan Tabal and his followers

Mohd Amin, Wan Mohd Azam (2013) Reforming Sufism in Malaya: The teachings of Tuan Tabal and his followers. Intellectual Discourse, 21 (1). pp. 87-107. ISSN 2289-5639 (O), 0128-4878 (P)

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Abstract

This paper examines the efforts made by ‘Abd al-Ṣamad ibn Ṣāliḥ (1840-1891) and his descendants, who were the members of the Aḥmadiyyah Idrīsī order (ṭarīqah), to reform Malay Sufism during the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century. Under the leadership of ‘Abd al-Ṣamad, the order attracted thousands of followers and its central issue was reforming the doctrine of “the unity of existence” by reconciling it with the “unity of consciousness” (waḥdat al-shuhūd), the teachings of Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindī (d.1624). The reform efforts continued by Wan Musa (1874-1939), Nik Abdullah (1900-1935) and Nik Muhammad Salleh (1920-1972). They, however, adapted the framework of Shāh Walī Allāh al-Dihlawī (1703-1762) ) in their undertakings. Kertas kerja ini mengkaji usaha-usaha yang dibuat oleh ‘Abd alSamad ibn Salih (1840-1891) dan keturunannya, yang merupakan ahli-ahli kumpulan (tarekat) Aḥmadiyyah Idrīsī, untuk mengubah tasawuf Melayu pada abad ke sembilan belas dan ke dua puluh. Di bawah kepimpinan ‘Abd al-Samad, kumpulan itu yang menarik beribu-ribu pengikut dan isu utamanya adalah untuk membuat pembaharuan kepada doktrin “kesatuan wujud” dengan menyatukannya dengan “kesatuan kesedaran” (waḥdat al- shuhūd), ajaran Syaikh Ahmad Sirhindī (d.1624). Usaha pembaharuan ini diteruskan oleh Wan Musa (1874-1939), Nik Abdullah (1900-1935) dan Nik Muhammad Salleh (1920-1972). Walau bagaimanapun, mereka telah menyesuaikan dengan rangka kerja Ṭarīq Shāh WalīAllāh al-Dihlawī (1703-1762) dalam usaha mereka.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 443/35183
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sufism; Malaya; Tuan Tabal; Aḥmadiyyah order; unity of exist Tasawuf; Malaya; Tuan Tabal; perintah Ahmadiyya; perpaduan kewujudan
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam > BP170.85 Da'wah. Mission of Islam. Summons, invitation, etc.
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences > Department of Usul al-Din and Comparative Religion
Depositing User: Assoc.Prof W Mohd Azam Mohd Amin
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2014 15:51
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2016 08:23
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/35183

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