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Zero liquid discharge and water conservation through water reclamation & reuse of biotreated palm oil mill effluent: A review

Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Amosa, M. K. and Muyibi, Suleyman Aremu and Al-Khatib, Ma An Fahmi Rashid and Jimat, Dzun Noraini (2013) Zero liquid discharge and water conservation through water reclamation & reuse of biotreated palm oil mill effluent: A review. International Journal of Academic Research, 5 (4). 170 -183 . ISSN 2075-4124

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Abstract

World natural resources are now going into extinction as evident from the accelerating depletion of our water resources through the persistent but exorable pollutions confronting our water environment daily. Despite this, some part of the world still witnesses overwhelming wastage of fresh water due to lack of proper motivation towards water management policies from the policy makers as well as professionals. Malaysia as a country was known as a place of huge amount of fresh water coupled with regular rainfalls around the year but now witnessing depletion in its fresh waters due to environmental pollution. One of the main causes of this pollution is the palm oil industry which discharges its Biotreated Palm Oil Mill Effluent (BPOME) into the rivers after little but insufficient treatments. This paper reviews the status, rationale and potential of water reuse in Malaysia. The piece further reflects the potential of advanced technologies to produce regenerated water offering specific solutions to industrial or agricultural reuse needs from BPOME, thus suggesting potential, affordable and cost effective water conservation systems through zero liquid discharge (ZLD) technology and water reclamation from BPOME discharge.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5545/34441
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biotreated Palm Oil Mill Effluent, Pollution, Treatment technologies, Wastewater treatment,Water Conservation
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Associate Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2014 09:16
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2014 09:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/34441

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