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Tumorigenic potential of mononucleated small cells of Hodgkin lymphoma cell lines

Ikeda, Jun-ichiro and Mamat, Suhana and Tian, Tian and Wang, Yi and Rahadiani, Nur and Aozasa, Katsuyuki and Morii, Eiichi (2010) Tumorigenic potential of mononucleated small cells of Hodgkin lymphoma cell lines. The American Journal of Pathology, 177 (6). pp. 3081-3088. ISSN 1525-2191

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Tumor cells with tumorigenic potential are limited to a small cell population known as cancer stem cells (CSCs). CSCs yield both CSCs and non-CSCs, whereas non-CSCs do not yield CSCs. CSCs have not been identified in any malignant lymphomas. Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a mostly B-cell neoplasm that can be diagnosed by the presence of multinucleated (Reed-Sternberg; RS) cells admixed with Hodgkin cells with distinct nucleoli and various inflammatory cells. Here, the tumorigenic potential of cells with a single nucleus (S) and cells with multiple nuclei (M), which may be equivalent to Hodgkin and RS cells, respectively, was examined in HL cell lines L1236 and L428. Cultures of single S cells yielded both S and M cells, whereas M cell cultures yielded only M cells. When either cultured in methylcellulose or inoculated into NOD/SCID mice, the colony number and tumor size were both larger in S than in M cells. Concentrations of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were at low levels in a portion of S cells that abundantly expressed FoxO3a, a transcription factor that regulates ROS-degrading enzymes. In clinical samples of HL, FoxO3a was expressed in mononuclear Hodgkin cells but not in multinucleated RS cells. These findings suggest that smaller cells or Hodgkin cells that show low-ROS concentrations and high FoxO3a expression levels might be candidates for HL CSCs.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4912/34104
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Basic Health Sciences (Until June 2011)
Depositing User: Dr Suhana Mamat
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2014 15:48
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2014 15:57
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/34104

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