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Analysis of factors influencing use of motorcars in International Islamic University Malaysia

Abdul Rahim, Nelza Lynna and Kadar Hamsa, Abdul Azeez (2013) Analysis of factors influencing use of motorcars in International Islamic University Malaysia. PLANNING MALAYSIA - Journal of the Malaysian Institute of Planners, XI. pp. 139-158. ISSN 1675-6215

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Abstract

Trends in transport have been changing and will continue to change over the next few years. A number of issues on the national and international transport scene have driven a need for organisations such as the Universities to further develop a sustainable transport strategy to encourage use of sustainable transport modes to achieve better environmental qualities on-campus. This research highlights the factors influencing the choice of using motorcars among student population for trips on-campus. A self-administered questionnaire was designed to collect data on "trip-makers" and "trip-making" characteristics and "preference to use motorcars as their main travel mode choice". The questionnaires were distributed to the student population who use motorcars on-campus. The total sample size selected was 100 and samples were selected from each Mahallah (hostel) by using stratified sampling method. The factors influencing use of motorcars on-campus was analysed using Pearson Chi-Square, Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient and t-test. The preference of the respondents on the measures that should be implemented to attract students to travel by sustainable transport modes such as walking, cycling, carpooling, or using public transportation are also discussed. The factors such as “year of study”, “vehicle registration status”, “travel time by walking from Mahallah (hostel) to Kulliyyah (faculty)” and “experienced delay time to the Kulliyyah” were found to influence the use of motorcars on-campus. 86% of the respondents were willing to shift from using motorcars to sustainable transportation modes. Recommendations to realize the willingness to shift from motorcars to other travel modes include: formulation of policy by the University authority to reduce the over-dependence on motorcars on-campus; provision and management of efficient and effective public transportation services on-campus; provision and improvement of infrastructure to facilitate walking and cycling on-campus and strict enforcement on the use of illegal motorcars on-campus.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3877/33708
Uncontrolled Keywords: motorcar, travel mode, travel behaviour, sustainable transport, University campus
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA9000 Aesthetics of cities. City planning and beautifying
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Depositing User: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Abdul Azeez Kadar Hamsa
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2014 12:32
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2015 17:23
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/33708

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