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Optimization of oil yield of Phaleria macrocarpa seed using response surface methodology and its fatty acids constituents

Azmir, J. and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and Rahman, Md. Mokhlesur and Sharif, K.M. and Ferdosh, Sahena and Jahurul, M.H.A. and Mohamed, A. (2014) Optimization of oil yield of Phaleria macrocarpa seed using response surface methodology and its fatty acids constituents. Industrial Crops and Products, 52. pp. 405-412. ISSN 0926-6690

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Abstract

Phaleria macrocarpa (Mahkota dewa) seed was examined to determine the optimal conditions of oil yield by solvent extraction method using n-hexane as extracting solvent. Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to describe explicitly the influence of extraction time, temperature and solvent-to-feed ratio on the yield of oil using central composite design (CCD). The linear, quadratic and interaction terms of the studied variables have significant (P < 0.05) effect on the oil yield. The temperature of 72 °C, extraction time of 8.4 h and solvent-to-feed ratio of 10.9 ml/g were the optimal conditions for seed oil extraction. The maximum oil yield was 55.32 g/100 g dry weight under these optimal conditions. Main chemical constituents of oil were determined by Gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy (GC–MS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Twelve components were identified by GC–MS analysis after formation of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME). Total saturated fatty acids were 19.38% whereas monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids were 44.23% and 36.38%, respectively. Oleic acid, 18:1 (43.56%) and linoleic acid, 18:2 (36.25%) were the main fatty acid constituents of Mahkota dewa seed oil. The quantity of unsaturated fatty acids was higher than saturated fatty acids in P. macrocarpa seed oil.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/33318 Scopus/ISI
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phaleria macrocarpa seed oil Optimization by RSM CCD Fatty acids composition GC–MS analysis
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368 Food processing and manufacture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP670 Oils, fats, waxes
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Plant Science
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2013 10:32
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2018 16:30
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/33318

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