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Hard cocoa butter replacers from mango seed fat and palm stearin

Jahurul, Md. Haque Akanda and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and Nik Ab Rahman, Nik Norulaini and Ferdosh, Sahena and Abedin, Md. Zainul and Mohamed, Awang and Abd Kadir, Mohd Omar (2014) Hard cocoa butter replacers from mango seed fat and palm stearin. Food Chemistry, 154. pp. 323-329. ISSN 0308-8146

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The blending effects of mango seed fat (MSF), extracted using supercritical fluid, and palm stearin (PS) to formulate hard cocoa butter replacers (CBRs), were investigated. The triglycerides (TG), thermal properties and solid fat content (SFC) of the formulated blends were determined using different chromatographic and thermal techniques. All the blends had three main TGs; namely, 1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoylglycerol (POP) (8.6 to 17.7%), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol (POS) (12.6 to 19.6%), and 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol (SOS) (37.2 to 31.4%), with SOS being the major component. The melting peak temperatures gradually increased and shifted towards higher temperatures with PS. The crystallization onset temperatures increased, while the offset decreased with PS. The SFC did not drop to 0% at 37.5 °C, which was shifted to 0% at and above 40 °C for some blends. The studies revealed that CBRs could be prepared by blending MSF and PS, and they could be utilized by chocolate manufacturers in tropical countries.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/33159
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cocoa butter replacers; Mango seed fat; Palm stearin; Triglycerides; Melting and crystallization profiles; Solid fat content
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Plant Science
Depositing User: Professor Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2013 16:13
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2017 10:00
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/33159

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