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Organizational practices across cultures: An exploration in six cultural contexts

Fischer, Ronald and Ferreira, Maria Cristina and Asmar, Eveline Maria Leal and Baris, Gulfidan and Berberoglu, Gunes and Dalyan, Figen and Wong, Corbin C. and Hassan, Arif and Hanke, Katja and Boer, Diana (2013) Organizational practices across cultures: An exploration in six cultural contexts. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 13 (3). pp. 1-21. ISSN 1741-2838 (O), 1470-5958

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Abstract

This study examined organizational practices in a sample of 1239 employees from various organizations in Argentina, Brazil, Malaysia, New Zealand, Turkey, and the United States. Twenty-four items measuring employee-orientation, formalization, and innovation practices showed a clear factorial structure across all samples, along with good reliabilities. Significant organizational position differences were found for employee-orientation and innovation practices. Sector differences were found for formalization and innovation practices. Cultural differences were found for employee-orientation and innovation practices, which can be explained using macroeconomic indicators,tightness–looseness, and individualism. Our study demonstrates the importance of individual, organizational, economic, and cultural level for understanding perceptions of organizational practices across a wider range of societies.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2898/33010
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cultural differences, employee orientation, formalization, individualism, innovation, organizational practices, tightness–looseness
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001 Business. Business Administration
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001 Business. Business Administration > HF5549 Personnel management
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Business Administration
Depositing User: Prof. Arif Hassan
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2013 16:51
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2017 11:30
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/33010

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