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Influence of process parameters on surface integrity during EDM of mild steel

Khan, Ahsan Ali and Adesta, Erry Yulian Triblas and Mohammad , Yeakub Ali (2010) Influence of process parameters on surface integrity during EDM of mild steel. In: 22nd United Kingdom-Malaysia Engineering Conference 2010, 8-9th April, 2010, London.

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The present paper reports on the influence of process parameters on surface quality of mild steel during EDM using a copper electrode. Surface quality was evaluated on the basis of work surface roughness, micro cracks and thickness of the recast layer. Current, pulse-on time, pulse-off time and voltage were the variable parameters for the present investigation. It was found that pulse-on time is the most significant factor for work surface roughness. With increase in pulse-on time the work material gets more time to absorb heat and more melting and vaporization of material takes place producing a rough surface. Work surface roughness was also found to increase with increase in current. A higher current produces a spark of higher energy removing more material and leaving a larger crater that results a rough surface. An increase in voltage also results a poorer surface, but voltage demonstrated to have a very small effect on job surface roughness. Micro cracks were found on the surface due to rapid heating and cooling of the surface during EDM. Micro cracks reduced in number and size when the surface was EDMed with a low current and a short pulse-on time. A layer of recast layer on the work surface was observed after EDM. The thickness of the recast layer was higher while a higher current together with a higher pulse-on time were used. It was concluded that in order to have a high quality surface it should be machined with lower values of current, pulse-on time and voltage.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech/Talk)
Additional Information: 3129/3274
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surface quality, mild steel, EDM
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS200 Metal manufactures. Metalworking
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Ahsan Ali Khan
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2011 13:01
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 11:44
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/3274

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