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Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of oil from Thunnus tonggol head by optimization of process parameters using response surface methodology

Ferdosh, Sahena and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and Rahman, Nik Norulaini Nik Ab and Akand, Md Jahurul Haque and Ghafoor, Kashif and Awang, Mohamed Bin and Kadir, Mohd Omar Ab (2013) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of oil from Thunnus tonggol head by optimization of process parameters using response surface methodology. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 30 (7). pp. 1466-1472. ISSN 0256-1115

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Abstract

Total oil was extracted from ground fish head of Longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol) using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) at 20 to 40 MPa, 45 to 65 oC and 1 to 3 ml min−1. Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize the operating conditions of the SC-CO2 technique where the highest oil yield was obtained (35.6% on dry weight basis) at 40 MPa, 65 oC, and 3 ml min−1. The solubility of the oil in SC-CO2 increased from 2.9 to 14.2 g oil/100 g of CO2 with increasing pressure and temperature. The total saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids obtained were 41.6, 24.7 and 26.8%, respectively, where the omega-3 fatty acids were found to be 22.3%. A correlation was developed determining the coefficients of the second-order polynomial equation where the extraction parameters of SC-CO2 method to extract fish oil from fish sample were successfully optimized using response surface methodology.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/31049
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fish Wastes, Thunnus tonggol Head Oil, Supercritical Fluid Extraction, Central Composite Rotatable Design, Correlations
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Kulliyyah of Science
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2013 07:37
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2015 11:53
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/31049

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