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Production of natural coagulant from Moringa oleifera seed for drinking water treatment

Ali , Eman N and Muyibi, Suleyman Aremu and Salleh, Hamzah M. and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Salleh, Mohd Ramlan M. (2010) Production of natural coagulant from Moringa oleifera seed for drinking water treatment. In: Southeast Asian Water Environment. IWA Publishing, London, pp. 135-139. ISBN 184339362X

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Abstract

Water treatment industry worldwide including South East Asia IS facing high demand for synthetic coagulants for water treatment process. Research is continuously being done to find the best treatment methods and lower cost alternatives. Moringa oleifera seed could be a suitable natural alternative to synthetic coagulants. This paper investigates processing Moringa oleifera seed in order to concentrate the bio-active constituents which have coagulation activity. The proposed method to isolate and purify the bio-active constituents is the cross flow filtration method, which produced the natural coagulant with very cost effective processing technique (oil extraction; salt extraction; and microfiltratlon through 0.20 ~Im). Coagulation activity was determined using conventional jar test procedures, and the major water quality control parameters monitored was the residual turbidity for river water with low initial turbidity. Results showed residual turbidity of less than 5 NTU which is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). The turbidity removal was 94.82% for river water of low initial turbidity of 44.2 NTU, without any chemicals added. The microfiitration method is considered to be a practical method which needs no chemicals added. The product is commercially valuable and can contribute to the economic development of South East Asian countries.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 4164/7106
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microfiltration, Moringa oleifera seed, natural coagulant, oil extraction, salt extraction, water treatment
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Prof SULEYMAN AREMU MUYIBI
Date Deposited: 21 May 2013 12:13
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2013 17:04
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/30196

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