IIUM Repository

Thermo-mechanical behaviours of thermoplastic starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga Pinnata)

Sahari, J. and Sapuan, S. M. and Zainudin, E.S. and Maleque, Md. Abdul (2013) Thermo-mechanical behaviours of thermoplastic starch derived from sugar palm tree (Arenga Pinnata). Carbohydrate Polymers, 92 (2). pp. 1711-1716. ISSN 0144-8617 (O)

[img] PDF (Carbohydrate Polymer) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (861kB) | Request a copy


In recent years, increasing environmental concerns focused greater attention on the development of biodegradable materials. A thermoplastic starch derived from bioresources, sugar palm tree was successfully developed in the presence of biodegradable glycerol as a plasticizer. Sugar palm starch (SPS) was added with 15–40 w/w% of glycerol to prepare workable bioplastics and coded as SPS/G15, SPS/G20, SPS/G30 and SPS/G40. The samples were characterized for thermal properties, mechanical properties and moisture absorption on exposure to humidity were evaluated. Morphological studies through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to explain the observed mechanical properties. Generally, the addition of glycerol decrease the transition temperature of plasticized SPS. The mechanical properties of plasticized SPS increase with the increasing of glycerol but up to 30 w/w%. Meanwhile, the water absorption of plasticized SPS decrease with increasing of glycerol.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6103/28126
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sugar palm starch; Glycerol; Thermal properties and mechanical properties
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T175 Industrial research. Research and development
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Dr. Md Abdul Maleque
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2013 09:56
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2013 09:56
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/28126

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year