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Extraction of glucose from kenaf core using mild acid treatment

Seeni Mohamed, Nurhafizah and Mel, Maizirwan and Anuar, Hazleen and Othman, Rashidi and Mohd Nasir, Nur Aimi (2012) Extraction of glucose from kenaf core using mild acid treatment. In: 26th Symposium of Malaysian Chemicals Engineers in conjunction with the 4th International Conference on Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering, 21-23 November 2012, Sabah.

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Recently, many industries are aims to reduce the usage of petroleum based product or synthetic fibre due to the increment of the environmental consciousness. This has lead to the extensive research on the natural fibre in order to produce eco–friendly product that will replace the existing petroleum based products. Natural fibre can be derived from many sources such as plants, animals or minerals. However the plant fibre such as kenaf is more desirable by most of the researcher. Kenaf or scientifically known as Hibiscus cannabinus. L has a complex structure because it consists of lignin, cellulose and hemicelluloses. Due to this reason, kenaf need to undergo treatment process in order to remove lignin and hemicellulose, reduce crystallinity of cellulose and increase porosity. In this study, acid treatment method was used with several parameters process such as temperature and time for getting high yield of glucose conversion. The substantially highest glucose yield was 3.4 g/L produced at 200 ºC for 60 minutes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information: ISBN 978-983-2641-95-7 ISBN 978-983-2641-95-7, 4085/27359
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extraction, glucose, kenaf, pre-treatment, lactic acid
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP200 Manufacture and use of chemicals
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Maizirwan Mel
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2012 22:17
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2021 23:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/27359

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