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Rapid method for the determination of moisture content in biodiesel using FTIR spectroscopy

Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Kabbashi, Nasreldin A. and Alam, Md Zahangir and Qudsieh, Isam Y. and Al-Khatib, Ma An Fahmi Rashid (2011) Rapid method for the determination of moisture content in biodiesel using FTIR spectroscopy. Journal Of The American Oil Chemists' Society. ISSN 0003-021X

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A new, rapid, and direct method was developed for the determination of moisture content in biodiesel produced from various types of oils using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy with an attenuated total reflectance (ATR) element. Samples of biodiesels used in this study were produced using sludge palm oil (SPO). The calibration set was prepared by spiking double-distilled water into dried biodiesel samples in ratios (w/w) between 0 and 10% moisture. Absorbance values from the wavelength regions 3,700–3,075 and 1,700–1,500 cm-1, and the partial least square (PLS) regression method were used to derive a FTIR spectroscopic calibration model for moisture content in biodiesel samples. The coefficient of determinations (R2) for the models was computed by comparing the results obtained from FTIR spectroscopy against the values of the moisture concentrations (%) determined using the American Oil Chemists’ Society (AOCS) oven method Ca 2d-25. Same comparison was done using International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) distillation method 2.602. R2 was 0.9793 and 0.9700 using AOCS and IUPAC methods, respectively. The standard error (SE) of calibration was 1.84. The calibration model was cross validated within the same set of samples, and the standard deviation (SD) of the difference for repeatability (SDDr) and accuracy (SDDa) of the FTIR method was determined. With its speed and ease of data manipulation, FTIR spectroscopy is a useful alternative method to other methods for rapid and routine determination of moisture content in biodiesel for quality control.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4971/2645
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attenuated total reflectance (ATR); Biodiesel; FTIR spectroscopy; Moisture content; Partial least square (PLS); Sludge palm oil (SPO).
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: A Prof Elwathig Mirghani
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2011 14:28
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 10:47
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/2645

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