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Characterization on surface modification of kenaf biomass via microbial fermentation

M.I, Ahmad Fitrie and Anuar, Hazleen and Mohd Nordin, Nur Aisyah and Mohd Nasir, Nur Aimi and Seeni Mohamed, Nurhafizah and Mel, Maizirwan and Othman, Rashidi and Abd Razak, Shamsul Bahri (2012) Characterization on surface modification of kenaf biomass via microbial fermentation. Advanced Materials Research, 576. pp. 268-271. ISSN 1022-6680

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Abstract

Kenaf is categorized as one of the natural fibre which is used as replacement to manmade fibre due to its various advantages. It is a natural fibre of low density, low cost, recyclable and biodegradable. This paper presents the surface modification of kenaf biomass in terms of its morphology, chemical properties and crystallinity, as observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. Peak at 1600 cm-1 to 1200 cm-1 FTIR shows the disappearance of lignin in the treated kenaf. On the other hand, crystallinity indexes (CI) for untreated and treated kenaf are determined by XRD that show 83.3 % and 67.7 % accordingly.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4130/25804
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kenaf biomass, pretreatment, fermentation, and Rhizopus oryzae
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Landscape Architecture
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Maizirwan Mel
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2012 10:48
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2012 10:48
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/25804

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