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Evaluation of maximum percentage glucose conversion for dilute acid hydrolysis of kenaf biomass using statistical analysis

Mohd Nasir, Nur Aimi and Mustafa Kamalbahrin, Mohd Adlan and Seeni Mohamed, Nurhafizah and M.I, Ahmad Fitrie and Anuar, Hazleen and Mel, Maizirwan and Othman, Rashidi (2012) Evaluation of maximum percentage glucose conversion for dilute acid hydrolysis of kenaf biomass using statistical analysis. Advanced Materials Research, 576. pp. 244-247. ISSN 1022-6680

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Abstract

Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus.L) is a crop- that produces about 70% of biomass larger than any of forest plantations. There is no specific way of using kenaf biomass in industry instead for animal feed and burning in various forms (waste in general). As a result, several researches had been conducted to utilize it in the production of biodegradable polymer as well as bioethanol. This is due to its complex cellulose content that is useful to be converted into glucose before further process. The conversion step from cellulose content of kenaf biomass into glucose is known as pretreatment process. In this paper, dilute acid hydrolysis was chosen as the pre-treatment process. With the aim to evaluate the maximum percentage of glucose conversion for this kind of pretreatment process from kenaf biomass, statistical analysis which is analysis of variance (ANOVA) design via central composite design using response surface method (RSM) was selected. Thus, the lower the mass which is at 2 g, and at higher temperature which is 180 oC in longer time which is in 60 min results about 25.33% glucose conversion with the comparison of the predicted value obtained from the experimental design.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4130/25802
Uncontrolled Keywords: glucose, pre-treatment, dilute acid hydrolysis, kenaf biomass, statistical analysis
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Landscape Architecture
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Maizirwan Mel
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2012 13:49
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2012 13:49
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/25802

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