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Flexural and impact properties of kenaf-glass hybrid composite

Maleque, Md. Abdul and Afdzaluddin, Atiqah and M., Iqbal (2012) Flexural and impact properties of kenaf-glass hybrid composite. Advanced Materials Research, 576. pp. 471-474. ISSN 1022-6680

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Abstract

This paper investigates the flexural and impact properties of kenaf-glass (KG) fibers reinforced unsaturated polyester (UPE) hybrid composite on a source of green composite. The matrix is kept constant with 70 % volume fraction while kenaf and glass fibers were varied, such as 7.5/22.5 v/v, 15/15 v/v and 22.5/7.5 v/v. The 30 % kenaf and 30 % glass are also used for the preparation of composite materials. The kenaf fiber was treated with 6% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) diluted solution for 3 hours. Hybrid composites are fabricated using sheet molding compound (SMC) process. The mechanical tests, such as flexural and impact are performed using ASTM D790-03 and ASTM D256-04 respectively. The study showed that the highest flexural strength was obtained from treated kenaf with 15/15 v/v KG fiber reinforced hybrid composite while untreated of 15/15 v/v KG composite showed the highest value of impact strength in this investigation. This can be concluded that 15/15 v/v KG fiber reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite is the most appropriate hybrid composite which can be considered for many engineering structural applications, such as automotive, aerospace, construction or sports.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6103/25705
Uncontrolled Keywords: hybrid composites, kenaf fiber, glass fiber, unsturated polyester
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T175 Industrial research. Research and development
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD169 Environmental protection
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Dr. Md Abdul Maleque
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2012 10:11
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2012 10:12
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/25705

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