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Biodiesel production from Macro Algae as a green fuel for diesel engine

Ahmed, Abu Saleh and Khan, Sarfaraj and Hamdan, Sinin and Rahman, Md. Rezaur and Islam, Md Saiful and Maleque, Md. Abdul (2012) Biodiesel production from Macro Algae as a green fuel for diesel engine. In: 5th Engineering Conference (ENCON12), 10-12 July 2012, Kuching, Sarawak.

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Transesterification is an effective method to produce significant levels of biodiesel from renewable resources like plant oils and animal fats. Macroalgae is one of the inexpensive sources of oil feedstock for biodiesel production which is abundantly available in the sea areas. In this study algae oil was extracted from several types of macroalgae species namely L. Epiphytic, Cladophora, Agardhiella, Gracilaria, Spirogyra and Bryopsis Pennata. And their oils were then converted into biodiesel by the transesterification process. The extraction of algae oil from macroalgae was accomplished through Soxhlet method. The fuel properties of biodiesel was characterized through FTIR analysis and found to be similar chemical composition as to petroleum diesel. In addition, the highest yield was found (92%) at methanol to oil ratio 4:1, catalyst 1.0 wt% (KOH) in heating with stirring.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 6103/25521
Uncontrolled Keywords: biodiesel, FTIR, macroalgae, renewable, transesterification.
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315 Fuel
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Dr. Md Abdul Maleque
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2012 10:01
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2013 16:35
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/25521

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