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Dual modification of starch via partial enzymatic hydrolysis in the granular state and subsequent hydroxypropylation

Al-Jashamy, Karim A. and E. H., Sufha and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam (2008) Dual modification of starch via partial enzymatic hydrolysis in the granular state and subsequent hydroxypropylation. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56 (22). pp. 10901-10907. ISSN 0021-8561

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Abstract

The effect of enzymatic pretreatment on the degree of corn and mung bean starch derivatization by propylene oxide was investigated. The starch was enzymatically treated in the granular state with a mixture of fungal R-amylase and glucoamylase at 35 °C for 16 h and then chemically modified to produce enzyme-hydrolyzed-hydroxypropyl (HP) starch. Partial enzyme hydrolysis of starch in the granular state appeared to enhance the subsequent hydroxypropylation, as judged from the significant increase in the molar substitution. A variable degree of granule modification was obtained after enzyme hydrolysis, and one of the determinants of the modification degree appeared to be the presence of natural pores in the granules. Enzyme-hydrolyzed-HP starch exhibited significantly different functional properties compared to hydroxypropyl starch prepared from untreated (native) starch. It is evident that the dual modification of starch using this approach provides a range of functional properties that can be customized for specific applications.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/25013
Uncontrolled Keywords: Starch; enzyme hydrolysis; amylase; modified starch; hydroxypropylation
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2013 16:04
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2013 16:04
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/25013

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