IIUM Repository

Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction and fractionation of palm kernel oil from palm kernel as cocoa butter replacers blend

Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and Nik Ab Rahman, Nik Norulaini and Abd Kadir, Mohd Omar and R. L., Smith Jr. (2006) Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction and fractionation of palm kernel oil from palm kernel as cocoa butter replacers blend. Journal of Food Engineering, 73 (3). pp. 210-216. ISSN 02608774

[img] PDF (Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction and fractionation of palm kernel oil from palm kernel as cocoa butter replacers blend) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 2080.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.

Download (408kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Application of supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) to fractionate shorter-medium (C8–C14) and longer chain (C16–C18:2) triglycerides in terms of fatty acid constituents in palm kernel oil (PKO) was studied for formulating possible cocoa butter replacer blends. The extraction of PKO from dehulled ground palm kernel was carried out at 40 and 80 �C and pressures ranging from 20.7 to 48.3 MPa with a flow type apparatus. The PKO was extracted successively into four fractions. At higher temperatures (80 �C) the total yield of PKO increased with pressure. The highest yield (99.6%) was obtained at 48.3 MPa and 80 �C with minimum CO2 used. Much shorter chain C8, C10, C12 fatty acid constituents were extracted in fraction 1. Longer chain 16, C18:0, C18:1 and C18:2 fatty acid constituents were extracted in fraction 4. The slip melting points were reduced to be between 8 and 10 �C for fractionated PKO in the latter fractions. The Lovi bond colour of these fractions was less intensive than the earlier fractions. The latter fractions had triglycerides in terms of fatty acid constituents, slip melting point, solid fat content, iodine value, saponification value and acid value closer to those of cocoa butter replacer blends.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/25012
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm kernel oil; Supercritical fractionation; Physico-chemical properties; Cocoa butter replacers
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2013 07:52
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2013 07:52
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/25012

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year