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Does trade liberalization effect energy consumption?

Mat Ghani, Gairuzazmi (2012) Does trade liberalization effect energy consumption? Energy Policy, 43. pp. 285-290. ISSN 0301-4215

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Abstract

The effect of tradeliberalization on the environment can be directly linked to energy consumption, because energy consumption and production are the underlying cause of most pollutants that harm the environment. The descriptive statistics show that average annual growth of energy consumption per capita after tradeliberalization varies among countries; hence it is a possibility that the effect of tradeliberalization is conditional on factors other than liberalization per se. The regression results show that tradeliberalization per se does not affect the growth of energy consumption of the developing countries analyzed, but its interaction with capital per labor reduces the growth of energy consumption as capital per labor increases. However, the effect is only significant after a certain minimum threshold level capital per labor is reached. On the other hand, economic growth increases energy consumption and its effect is not conditioned on tradeliberalization. These two different effects mean that, with regards to energy consumption, countries at a higher level of economic development are more likely to reap the benefit of liberalization relative to less developed countries.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2565/24960
Uncontrolled Keywords: Energy consumption; Tradeliberalization; Environmental regulation
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Depositing User: Gairuzazmi Ghani
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2012 14:53
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2012 14:53
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/24960

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