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A time-course study of flavonoids in the sprouts of tartary (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) buckwheats

Kim, Sun-Ju and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and Maeda, Tomoo and Suzuki, Tatsuro and Hashimoto, Naoto and Takigawa, Shigenobu and Noda, Takahiro and Matsuura-Endo, Chie and Yamauchi, Hiroaki (2007) A time-course study of flavonoids in the sprouts of tartary (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) buckwheats. Scientia Horticulturae, 115 (1). pp. 13-18. ISSN 03044238

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Abstract

The evolution, from 1 to 10 days after germination, of flavonoid content in sprouts of tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.), grown in a greenhouse under low light conditions (16 mmol m�2 s�1), was investigated. Chlorogenic acid and flavonoids including C-glycosylflavones (orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, isovitexin), rutin and quercetin were separated from the sprouts by HPLC and quantified with their commercial standards. Rutin content in the edible portion of the sprouts (mean 20 and 37 mg g�1 DWin ‘Hokkai T 8’ and ‘Hokkai T 10’, respectively) was 3- to 31-fold greater than that in the roots or pericarp. The free radical scavenging activity of seed sprouts was assessed through the 2,2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. From 6 to 10 days after sowing, the free radical scavenging activity in the edible portions rose significantly from 1.52 to 2.33 mmol Trolox equiv. g�1 DWin ‘Hokkai T 8’ and from 1.46 to 2.09 mmol Trolox equiv. g�1 DWin ‘Hokkai T 10’, but differences between ‘Hokkai T 8’ and ‘Hokkai T 10’ were not significant. As the results, the sprouts of tartary buckwheat, particularly those of ‘Hokkai T 10’ are strongly recommended as new high rutin food.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/24862
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chlorogenic acid; Free radical scavenging activity; Rutin; Seed sprouts; Tartary buckwheat
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2013 16:33
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2013 16:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/24862

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