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Effects of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction parameters on virgin coconut oil yield and medium-chain triglyceride content

Nik Ab Rahman, Nik Norulaini and Setianto, Wahyu and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and A. H., Nawi and C. Y. M., Azizi and Abd Kadir, Mohd Omar (2009) Effects of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction parameters on virgin coconut oil yield and medium-chain triglyceride content. Food Chemistry, 116 (1). pp. 193-197. ISSN 03088146

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Abstract

The extraction of coconut oil has been performed using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2). The extractions were performed at pressure and temperature ranges of 20.7–34.5 MPa and 40–80 �C, respectively. It was observed that almost all (more than 99%) of the total oil could be extracted. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to evaluate the effects of the parameters (pressure, temperature and CO2 consumption) on the extraction yield and medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), in terms of the fatty acid content in the extracted oil. A correlation was established with p-values for both responses significant at the 95% confidence level.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/24845
Uncontrolled Keywords: Virgin coconut oil, Medium chain triglycerides, Supercritical CO2, Extraction, Response surface methodology
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2013 14:08
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2013 14:08
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/24845

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